Adaptation

Adaptation

Adaptation is a set of actions and policies designed to help communities prepare for and respond to unavoidable climate impacts. Read on for more on its role in the international climate talks.

Commitment

Commitment Cycles and the Ratchet Mechanism

One of the big questions facing the negotiations is whether the agreement arrived at in 2015 should direct climate action for decades to come, and if so, how. This question has become starkly relevant as it is now clear that the recently submitted Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs) will only direct global action for 10 years, and will only push global action part of the way towards the 2˚C pathway.

Goals

Long-Term Goals

One big question for negotiations at COP21 is whether to develop a long–term global goal for climate action, and if so, what that goal might look like. While all the long-term goals aim to avoid catastrophic climate change, each one proposes a different way to get there. Navigate the maze here.

Finance

Finance

The term “climate finance” refers to public and private mechanisms established to help fund countries in their efforts to reduce emissions and adapt to the impacts of climate change. Read on for details of the Green Climate Fund–the current focus of this work–and other finance initiatives.

Peru

UNFCCC COP 20 Meeting in Peru

Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) are gathering in Lima, Peru to lay the foundation for the for the global climate deal that will be finalized in Paris next year.

The Green Climate Fund

The Green Climate Fund

At the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) Conference of the Parties in Copenhagen in 2009, developed countries agreed to mobilize from public and private sources a combined $100 billion annually by 2020 to help poor countries reduce emissions and cope with climate change.

National Security

National Security Risks

Existing analysis from respected military leaders recognizes the potential threat from climate change as no less than massively destructive and an enormous risk to national security.

Fossil Fuel Companies

The world’s largest oil and gas companies have sky-high budgets, top scientists in their employ, and an incentive to plan for the long term due to their massive investments in permanent infrastructure. They are neither altruistic nor clueless, and they are taking climate change seriously. This includes planning ahead for a future with strong climate policies

Working Group III

Working Group III

Working Group III (WGIII) covers pathways and scenarios for mitigating climate change. This overview pulls out notable findings from the WGIII Summary for Policymakers (SPM).

Working Group II

Working Group II

Working Group II (WGII) covers the impacts and vulnerabilities caused by climate change and discusses pathways for adaptation.